President Barack Obama has made his greatest foreign policy of his presidency with sealing a nuclear pact with Iran that could either work or escalate the tensions in the Middle East.
The deal with Iran was reached on Tuesday, with Barack Obama being pro diplomacy and talking to enemies, rather than using intervention and confrontation, together with global allies.
This kind of foreign policy has worked with Cuba in restoring peace and prosperity and evolving the diplomatic ties between Cuba and the U.S. after decades of confrontation and hostility. However, many suggest that there is a great threat with the Iran deal.
The Obama administration has struck an opening of a door with a phone call to the president of Iran, when he came into office in 2009 and later exchanged secret letter with the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
After a rigorous negotiation by Obama and his Secretary of State John Kerry and their negotiating team, the White House was informed on Monday that a deal has been achieved and according to Reuters, Obama has stated that this deal does not mean “a greater chance of more war in the Middle East and that a diplomatic approach is the best way to get Iran away from the path of violence and rigid ideology.” However, he noted that the efforts would be challenged on the way and it would be a process that would take place in many years to come.
According to Reuters, experts say that the outcome of the deal will be seen in the near future and whether Obama’s gamble has been worth it, or it was a simple stalling of Tehran entering a nuclear war. The terms under which the final deal has been reached show that the initial demands of dismantling Tehran’s nuclear architecture and the rollback of its ballistic missile program have been dropped. This causes concern whether inspectors could have the access at Iranian military sites and whether Iran would be allowed to do their research with more efficient centrifuges. However, U.S. officials say that Iran has also given ground and according to Reuters, Aaron David Miller, a former Middle East negotiator for both Republican and Democratic presidencies has stated that “Obama got what he wanted; a smaller, slower, more easily constrained and monitored nuclear programs, no pre-emptive Israeli strikes and no need for an American one.” He also added that Iran has got more with releasing the economic sanctions imposed on Iran and unfreezing around billions of dollars in assets. He said “Iran got more to support bad actors without giving up a large nuclear infrastructure that could allow them to weaponize should they choose to do so.”
The deal enlists limiting Iran’s nuclear research in exchange of sanctions lifting. The U.S. has suspected that Iran is doing nuclear research in order to create a nuclear weapon; however Iran has been denying these claims.
The biggest challenge of the Obama administration now is to convince the Republican led Congress not to take down the agreement in the next 60 days allowed for the agreement review, as well as make Israel and Saudi Arabia sure that they would not be threatened by a nuclear war by Iran. According to Dennis Ross, Obama’s former Middle East adviser “The president will have to work harder than ever to explain what the deal actually does and how it blocks the nuclear pathways and what happens if Iran cheats.”
Also, many Democrats are supporting the deal with Nancy Pelosi stating “Aggressive restrictions and inspections offer the best long-term plan to stop Iran from building a nuclear weapon.” She said that Congress should pass the deal and according to Reuters, Obama said he would veto any Republican bill that would prevent the deal. Democrat Presidential front-runner Hillary Clinton said that if elected at 2016 Elections, she would be, according to Reuters, “absolutely devoted to ensuring that agreement is followed.”
This deal is one major step in making the Western civilization and Iran develop closer relations ever since the Islamic Revolution of 1979. However, if Iran chooses to create a bomb after the restrictions of the uranium isotopes enrichment have been lifted in about a decade, a future U.S. administration would have to decide whether to go at war to stop Iran.