Franklin D. Roosevelt came at considerably one of the worst periods in American history. As the 32nd President of the United States of America, he was tasked to rebuild the nation from the ashes of depression. Soon, he became the nation’s beacon of hope and recovery.
Early Life of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Roosevelt was born in 1882 at New York. He completed his studies at Harvard University and furthered his involvement in the academe at Columbia Law School. He is also a husband to Eleanor Roosevelt.
Gaining inspiration from his cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, he involved himself in the political arena. He joined the Democrats and became a senator in 1910. Roosevelt was also appointed by then President Wilson as the Navy’s Assistant Secretary. He quickly gained a significant following in the elites and masses and became the vice presidential bet of the Democratic Party in 1920.
Roosevelt vs Polio
One year after his nomination for vice president, he acquired polio. However, Roosevelt did not let this sickness stop him from serving the American people. In the 1924 Democratic Convention, he nominated Alfred E. Smith for being the ‘happy warrior’. He then became the Governor of New York in 1928.
The Historical Roosevelt Administration
Franklin Roosevelt became the US President in 1932. With majority of the Americans unemployed and financial institutions closed, he sought a recovery master plan that aimed to fuel the business sector and the agricultural industry in his first one hundred days. He also established the Tennessee Valley Authority.
While there was a marked improvement, Roosevelt’s New Deal program created discomfort and uncertainty among the key players of the business sector. After all, Roosevelt’s main platform anchored on principles opposing the free market. He was generous in giving concessions to the labor sector. He also allowed unbalanced national budgets. Taking into account these new circumstances, Roosevelt reformed his agenda. He began to focus on progressive taxation, social security, and immediate employment for the American people.
He won the re-elections in 1936 by a large margin. This gave him the courage to contest the Supreme Court’s decision against his New Deal provisions. While Roosevelt lost this case, this became a turning point in judicial history. This led to the consciousness that the government has the ability, and in fact the power, to impose rules and regulations to the economy.
In terms of foreign policy, Roosevelt actively took part in international relations. He arranged mutual and bilateral agreements with other countries to defend themselves against aggressors. Roosevelt also put his efforts in keeping US out of war while maintaining friendly relations with all parties. In fact, he was able to send military aid to England during the height of war.
Roosevelt in the Pearl Harbor Crisis
Although America tried not to be involved in the surging war, it was impossible to stay unengaged when the Japanese air forces attacked Pearl Harbor on December 1941. After the unfateful incident which caused numerous deaths and casualties to military and civilians, Roosevelt geared and prepared his administration to war. He pooled every resource and labor to wage a war against the Axis powers.
As the United States continue to reign as the world’s single hegemon, he initiated talks to iron out the distressed relationship shared by America and Russia. He also supported and become greatly involved in the construction of the United Nations, an international organization that aims to settle disputes in a diplomatic and peaceful manner.