Early Life of Harry S. Truman
Harry Truman was born in 1884. He was born in Lamar, Missouri but grew up in Independence. For more than a decade, he ventured into the Missouri farming industry. At the time of World War I, he became part of the armed forces and was deployed to France to become a Field Artillery captain. He then became husband to Elizabeth Wallace. Together, they started dealing men’s clothing.
Truman’s Crossover to Politics
Despite owning multiple businesses, Harry Truman managed to be active in the Democratic Party. In 1922, he assumed the administrative position of being the Jackson County Court judge. After 12 years, he became a senator. When America entered World War II, Truman headed the investigating committee that audited corruption and savings. The committee saved 15 billion dollars. He even became more involved in public service when he was elected vice president to Franklin Roosevelt. While he was vice president, Truman remained uninformed about the recent developments on America’s relationship with Russia. He was also neither briefed about possible atomic bomb attacks.
War Time is Truman’s Time
When Harry Truman became president on April 12, 1945, he was faced with a lot of war-related problems. The extent and depth of pressure he felt manifested in an interview, where he made the statement: “I felt like the moon, the stars, and all the planets had fallen on me.”
Determined to end the war as soon as possible, Truman did not bother to consider the ethical implications of his decisions. Truman asked Japan to surrender diplomatically, but he was met with a cold shoulder. After this rejection, Truman finally ordered to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki- the two core cities of Japanese war forces. This left Japan with no choice but to surrender.
Post- War Truman
With the Second World War ending, Truman became a witness to the signing of the United Nations Charter held in June 1945. The United Nations is an international organization that seeks to promote and preserve peace among different states.
In terms of non- war-related policies, Harry Truman followed the footsteps of past American presidents. He built the Fair Deal based on existing government programs such as expanding of Social Security packages, and employment programs. He also proposed to legislate the Fair Employment Practices Act to safeguard the rights and welfare of American workers. Last but not the least, he also focused on public housing and slum clearance.
Gaining Momentum in the International Community
Perhaps Truman can be considered as one of the best leaders in foreign policy, proving himself by successfully managing various crises in the international community. An example of which is when he provided aid to Greece and Turkey against Soviet Union bullying through the Truman Doctrine. In another event of Russian blockade to western Berlin, Truman pushed food rations through airlifts.
Truman was also responsible for the creation of Marshall Plan- a lending program for war-devastated countries in Europe and Asia Pacific. He also took part in the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to provide multi-lateral defense agreements among Western countries.
Thus, when a war broke out between North and South Korea, he immediately called the attention of the international community through the United Nations to respond against the aggression. United Nations then deployed aid between the boundaries of warring countries. He kept the war at a minimum level, avoiding potential conflicts against China and Russia.
After his presidency, Truman retired from politics. He died on December 26, 1972 at 88 years old: