Israel and the Palestinian factions in Gaza continued Wednesday to abide by the 72-hour cease-fire brokered by Egypt, which went into effect at 8 A.M on Tuesday. The Israel Defense Forces withdrew its remaining forces from Gaza after the cease-fire came into effect and said it has demolished all of Hamas’ known tunnels, some of which have been used to breach Israel’s border and carry out attacks.

An Israeli delegation is currently in Cairo to negotiate a more permanent agreement, with Egyptian mediation. A Palestinian delegation, including members of Hamas and Islamic Jihad, is in Cairo, as well. Officials in Gaza say more than 1,800 Palestinians were killed during the operation, most of them civilians. Sixty-four IDF soldiers and three Israeli civilians have been killed since fighting began on July 8.

Below are the information surrounding the various rockets that the HAMAS has acquired, their various capabilities as well as Israel’s response via the launch of Operation Protective Edge.

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HAMAS:

Hamas has started its offensive since March, after arms travelling from Iran to Sudan were intercepted by Israeli Defense forces (IDF).  They fired at least 60 rockets into Southern Israel in the month of March, and kidnapped 3 Israeli teenagers. A revenge attack ensued, and since the 4th of Jul, the conflict escalated into a full blown warfare when Israeli forces fired 25 rockets, its heaviest attack since March 2014.


Israel Map

This image depicts the location of Gaza, which has been the main focal point of the conflict. That is not to say that all the warfare took place here, as regional councils in the South of Israel, such as Hof Ashkelon, Sha’ar HaNegev, Sdot         Negev, Benei Shim’on and Eshkol Regional  Council were all targeted as well.

south

Infograph

M-302 Rockets

  • Produced by Syria

  • Long Range Artillery Rocket

  • Poor accuracy

 M-75 Rockets

  • Made in Iran

  • Long range unguided rocket

  • Low accuracy

122-MM GRAD Rockets

  • Hamas use small man-portable single-tube launchers to fire these rockets

 Qassam Rockets

  • Manufactured by Palestinian militants

  • Range of 11.7km

There are 4 types of Qassam rockets ranging from Qassam 1 to Qassam 4

 

How did Hamas acquire such fire-power?

Firearms were mainly from Iran

Firstly, firearms were smuggled from Iran to Sudan via sea or air

At Sudan, firearms were smuggled to Egypt by road, from Eastern Sudan to the Egypt border then to North Sinai and finally Gaza

Using the underground tunnels that link Gaza and Egypt together, firearms can be smuggled into Gaza easily

Effectiveness of Operation Protective Edge (OPE)

584 out of 3,360 rockets fired at Israel, were intercepted by the Iron Dome

32 terror tunnels were neutralised

4,762 terror sites were struck by IDF aerial, naval and and ground forces

Hamas has requested for 4 cease-fire plans ever since the implementation of Ops Protective Edge

There has been a significant drop in the number of rockets fired from Gaza. (156 rockets on 8 Jul to 63 rockets on 4 Aug.)

At least 235 Hamas terrorists were killed

At least 147 Palestinian Islamic Jihad terrorists were killed

At least 65 terrorists of other smaller organisations were killed

At least 603 terrorists of unknown affiliation were killed

Of the 10,000 rockets that the Israel Intelligence Unit has predicted, one-third were already fired while another one-third were destroyed by IDF

64 Israeli soldiers and 3 Israeli citizens were killed throughout OPE

 

Singapore’s stake in the conflict:

 

Being a small island state surrounded by mostly Muslim populated states, Singapore’s situation has always been likened to that of Israel. However, Singapore’s stance has always been to maintain neutral relations to both sides, despite having been a joint military partner with Israeli, Singapore has also supported the Palestinians in their legitimate aspirations.


i. Last year, at the United Nations General Assembly, Singapore voted for all 17 Palestinian-related resolutions.

ii. Singapore has consistently supported the right of Palestinians to have their own state.

iii. Singapore supported visits from Ministers from PNA to Singapore. 

v. According to Foreign Minister K. Shanmugam, Singapore has been participating in the Conference on Cooperation among East Asian Countries for Palestinian Development, or CEAPAD since 2013.

During CEAPAD I in Tokyo last year, Singapore announced her enhanced technical assistance package for the PNA, worth at five million Singapore dollars for five years, which is more than what several of our regional countries have pledged. Under this package, we have received several delegations and study visits.

Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Masagos Zulkifli met with the PNA Prime Minister during CEAPAD II in Jakarta, early this year. And SMS Masagos encouraged the Prime Minister to send more Palestinians to Singapore under this package.

 

The thing to note here is that there is a limit to what Singapore can do to solve the crisis. Despite having good relationships with Israel, the PNA and several Arab countries, Singapore do not have much leverage on either side. Going forward, more updates and commentaries will be updated on our site, so stay tuned.

political

An avid reader, I consistently engage myself in the areas of current affairs and understanding of international relations, whilst at the same time, am interested in the area of economics and understanding the roles of economic concerns in the political economy. You can follow The Heralding on Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest & Google+. Alternatively subscribe to our newsletter to be kept up to date with the latest articles on the Heralding.

1 Comment

  • wayne

    Hamas intransigence on the existence of Israel makes any negotiations meaningless and a solution impossible. If they were to acquiesce on that principal, it would be the end of Hamas and their people would need to find real jobs

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