Early Life of Richard M. Nixon
Richard Nixon was born in 1913 in the state of California. He excelled on his studies at both Whittier College and Duke University Law. After completing his degree, he practiced law. He then married Patricia Ryan in 1940 and together, they have two daughters namely Patricia and Julia. He also served as a lieutenant commander during the World War II.
Nixon’s Career in Public Service
When Nixon left the American forces, he represented the state of California. In 1950, he entered the Senate. At 39 years old, he became vice president to General Dwight Eisenhower. Being part of the extensively successful Eisenhower administration gave him credibility and experience to run for higher office. Indeed, in 1960, he ran as president but lost to John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Despite his defeat, his political career did not die down. Instead, he took this opportunity to become the governor of California in 1962.
Richard Nixon’s Comeback
Come 1968, Nixon was re-elected as the presidential bet of his party, winning against other candidates such as Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and George C. Wallace. Then, Nixon was finally elected as the US president.
Nixon succeeded in international relations. It was during his term that the Vietnam War ended. Likewise, he also maintained good diplomatic relations with other Communist regimes in USSR and China. He aimed for peace and unity not only outside American borders, but also within its territory.
Some of Richard Nixon’s notable programs were anti-crime laws, new mechanisms on revenue sharing, and a comprehensive environmental conservation program. He also planted conservative judicial philosophy to the Supreme Court. Nixon was also part of the administration that pushed space efforts, leading to the first moon landing in 1969.
Continuous Belief in Nixon
Richard Nixon was also re-elected as president in 1972. He won by a large margin over Democratic Party’s George McGovern.
Nixon used his re-election to continue his past programs on diplomatic relations. He had regular visits to China and Russia. He also pursued meetings with Russian leaders, one of which was Leonid Brezhnev, and acquired a détente treaty to slow down the arms race and reduce the production of nuclear weapons. He also negotiated an agreement with North Vietnam regarding Indochina, while his Secretary Henry Kissinger, obtained truce among Israel, Egypt, and Syria.
The End of Nixon’s Golden Era
Richard Nixon’s political success dwindled down when his administration faced the Watergate Scandal, pertaining to the break-in of several offices in the Democratic National Committee while there was an ongoing national campaign. This almost resulted in a government shutdown, with several government officials resigning and some being convicted as accomplices to the crime. One of these government officials was Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, who was succeeded by the incumbent House Minority Leader, Gerald R. Ford.
Richard Nixon’s camp tried to deny any personal knowledge or involvement to the event. However, he was found guilty when the court ordered him to submit tape recordings that proved he became an accessory. To hopefully avoid impeachment, Richard Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974.
He spent the remaining years out of public service, but still within the influential circle of politics. Richard Nixon became an author, a political analyst, and a statesman that shaped American foreign policy. He died on April 22, 1994: