The Supreme Court of the United States is set to rule on some of the most pressing matters in the new term of the nine Justices starting on Monday. They tackle big cases such as race, union power, voting rights, abortion and immigration.
The Supreme Court will rule on these big issues until the end of term in June 2016 and will get the focus from the Presidential candidates for the 2016 Elections.
The Justices which are consisted of five member appointed by a Republican President and four appointed by a Democrat almost always divide on social issues because of their differences in ideology.
The liberals were victorious in the previous term of the Supreme Court when they ruled for the legalization of same sex marriage nationwide and rejected a conservative case that challenged President Obama’s healthcare act. However, this term will most probably bring victory to the conservative ideology because Justice Anthony Kennedy, the swing vote on most cases will vote conservative on issues such as affirmative action, union powers and voting rights.
The lawsuit by Abigail Fisher, a white American who was denied college admission in 2008 at the University of Texas at Austin, will be the second time the Supreme Court considers throwing affirmative action of the policies list. Affirmative action has helped the racial minorities who have been facing discrimination in education and employment and conservatives that back Fisher want the policy eliminated. On the other hand President Obama and his administration say that the policy has brought diversity in campuses and the work force.
The Justices will also consider a conservative case that would lessen the power of unions because nonunion public school teachers are objecting to the obligatory equivalent of union dues. They argue that this violates their free speech rights.
Another issue that will get the focus of politicians will be brought by two conservative cases on voting rights that challenge the drawing of electoral districts in Texas and Arizona. For example, the Texas case could give more power to Republican voters from rural areas and Hispanic urban voters will lose it.
Abortion will be one of the first rulings of this term, with a case this fall that challenges Republican sponsored Texas law that restricts abortion and is aimed at closing women healthcare clinics. The Justices will also decide on contraception coverage of the Affordable Healthcare Act.
One issue that may find its place in this term of the Supreme Court is immigration and conservative opposition of Obama’s executive order that would protect millions of illegal immigrants from deportation.
According to Reuters, American Enterprise Institute scholar Norman Ornstein stated that this series of conservative victories at the Supreme Court could push Americans towards the Democratic Party. He said “Whenever you get a series of rulings that go against you, it will get people more charged up.”
Based on previous rulings, the conservative Justices will vote to restrict affirmative action, bring a serious blow to the public sector unions and give religious organization the freedom from contraceptive coverage requirements of Obamacare.